August 08, 2022

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I am New, How Can I Make Money from Share Market?

Recently, an interested reader of my past articles emailed me with the question titled above. He said he want to make 20% per annum and ask me can I guarantee him, if not he won't join my private group. I did not say too much to him but gave a few simple words of advice. 
I shall illustrate just 5 points for other readers out there who are new to equities investing and may have the same question in mind or same investment goal. 
1. No one can guarantee you anything
Image result for bernie madoff
The reason why I post the above picture is because of the man. Bernie Madoff is probably the most powerful man on Wall Street in his heydays and will always be remembered as the most notorious Ponzi Scheme mastermind of the modern century. Bernie is extremely powerful by virtue of his position, reputation and connection in wall street. He was one time executive chairman of NASDAQ and notable celebrities like Steven Spielberg, Russian Mafia and many others are among his top clientele. His firm is one of the top market makers and he was senteneced to 150 years imprisonment. Estimated loss caused by Bernie's Ponzi scheme is around $65 Billion. Actual losses is around $18 Billion. The reason I am sharing about him is because I hope that all new investors will understand that, NO ONE can ever guarantee investment returns. If ANYONE tells you that they can guarantee you a certain % of return, please note the red flag and run away. Investing should be a voluntary decision made with a clear mind with regards to the risk and reward behind the decision. If one cannot suffer losses, one should not invest and just placed the money in FD / a MILO tin.
2. Start with the basics (FA)
What is FA? Why do I need basics to invest? My friend told me this counter can enter, getting project soon. If the above is the attitude one adopts in investing, I can 100% say the person will make losses in the market sooner than later. It goes without saying in whatever we do, we must focus on the basics. Investing 101 is all about fundamentals and hence understanding how to analyse counters from a basic standpoint is key to sustenance in the market. Adopt few simple metrics such as Price Earnings Ratio (PER), Net Tangible Assets(NTA), Dividend Yield (DY), Return on Equity (ROE) etc. To understand these basic concepts, there are several good authors out here that shares it. If not, there is always investopedia. Like an example of a FA stock I look to acquire : YSPSAH
Image result for ysp sah
It meets my metric at current price of RM2.15
PER : 10x
NTA : RM1.90
ROE: 10
DY : 3.7%
And other qualitative and quantitiave factors which I have researched to arrive at the conclusion to enter. Of course there is more beyond simple metrics like these, but this is just a basic for you to start off and do your own personal stock screening.
3. Be patient and ready sit out
Image result for trump hillary
This year is an unprecedented year. All the most unlikeliest events occur. It is the year where rationale and logic failed to stay its course. If one were to sit through the year of 2016, the volatility and turmoil is beyond what your usual chart and graphs can tell you. Many seasoned investors and traders lost money. My advice to new investors is to stay out and be patient once you decide to be in the market. The market is always there. However, your money is not. You can lose opportunity to make money only to come across another. But without money, you cant take advantage of opportunity that arises. Never be afraid to sit out when you are not sure what is going on. Never be afraid to wait. If you are not able to do both of these, you are not prepared to enter the market.
4. Be cautious and ruthless
Image result for taking profit
My only advise to all my readers, be ruthless when cutting loss and taking profit. Be cautious when riding profit. On a long term and stable environment, riding profit long is the right thing to do. However, in current market, any profit is good. Once it hits your own personal TP, avoid being greedy. If you are not sure what to do, sell half hold half. Anything else is a bonus.

5. Read widely to understand Macro of the World
Image result for world
The world is big. Today it is around 7 billion in population. Information travels quick due to the proliferation of technology and advancement in science. Civilisation across the globe improves. As we get interconnected, every bit of information may have repercussion across the world. The only way one can be able to succeed in the market is to read widely and consistently update oneself. The quest for learning should not end just because you earn your 1st million. The only way to stay on top of your game is to continuously pursue the information and understand how macro / micro affects your stock picks be it the company itself or the sector as a whole. Ex: The market was pricing in a Clinton win, as a result of her policies, pharma companies fell significantly. Similarly, the moment Trump, there was a selloff in Mexican Peso due to his hard stance against Latino immigrants and Mexico. These actions has impact across the world as well towards Asia, emerging markets and all. If one is blindly investing in the market without a wordly view, there is no way one will go far. 
I believe with 5 of this simple reminder, new investors may find themselves in a better off position to invest. As long as one is discipline, I am sure the market will give opportunities to you. 
Food for thought: 
Image result for stock market quotes
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This  information should not and cannot be construed as or relied on and (for  all intents and purposes) does not constitute financial, investment or  any other form of advice. Any investment involves the taking of  substantial risks, including (but not limited to) complete loss of  capital. Every investor has different strategies, risk tolerances and  time frames. You are advised to perform your own independent checks,  research or study; and you should contact a licensed professional before  making any investment decisions.

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